Dr. Terry C. Pierce (Captain, USN, Ret.) is the Special Advisor for Disruptive Innovation for the Department of Homeland Security, Science and Technology Directorate. Dr. Pierce is also the Director of the DHS Center of Innovation located at the United States Air Force Academy, where he champions disruptive innovations for DHS, USAFA, and USG. Previously, Director of National Security Institute PhD programs Naval Postgraduate School; served as Research Associate Professor of Information Sciences Naval Postgraduate School; served as the Director of the Homeland Security Center, UCCS. While on active duty U.S. Navy, he was Associate Dean and research associate professor of Information Sciences at the Naval Postgraduate School (NPS), where he taught and conducted research on disruptive military innovation.
During his twenty-eight year naval career, Captain Pierce USN commanded the USS Whidbey Island LSD-41, was Chief of Staff for Amphibious Forces 7th Fleet, Okinawa, Japan, and was speechwriter for Admiral Mike Boorda – Chief of Naval Operations. As Commanding Officer of USS Whidbey Island LSD-41, he successfully integrated 100 women into a 1000 man warship and his warship was ranked best in its class in the Atlantic Fleet. Dr. Pierce is author of the book, Warfighting and Disruptive Technologies: Disguising Innovation and he has published 26 award winning articles. In 1992, the Navy awarded him the Alfred Thayer Mahan Award for Literary Achievement in addressing the subject of maneuver-warfare amphibious doctrine.
During his Navy career, he earned doctorate and masters degrees from Harvard, where he focused on private and public sector disruptive innovation. He also earned a masters degree in national security affairs strategic planning from the Naval Postgraduate School. Captain Pierce attended several warfighting schools including Marine Corps Command and Staff College. His ship, USS Okinawa LPH-3, deployed to the Persian Gulf combat zone during the mid-1980s Iran-Iraq war. He was awarded the Legion of Merit medal.
He has won first place twice in the Navy’s Oldest Warfighting Contest with articles titled “Teaching Elephants to Swim,” and “Sunk Cost Sink Innovation.” Dr. Pierce was involved in several technological and warfighting innovations including championing Technological Component Network (TCN) that supported NETCENTRIC Warfare and the Expeditionary Strike Group innovation. Dr. Pierce was featured on the front cover of the August 2005 FEDTECH for his disruptive technology research on the GWOT. A recent interview of Dr. Pierce discussing decloaking terrorists in Government Computer News can be found at http://www.gcn.com/24_5/interview/35183-1.html.
In June 2006 he published an article titled, “Disruptive Military Innovation and the Perfect Opponent.” He was the key speaker on Disruptive Military Innovation at Naval-Industry R&D Conference 2004. He conducted Gettysburg Battle Walking tours to teach the principles of military transformation. He was NPS upper-level transformation instructor for Air Force Majors; MA and PhD thesis advisor; designed NPS Disruptive Innovation Course; and was Guest Lecture at West Point Military Academy on Disruptive Military Innovation. Salzburg Fellow for terrorism in 2006; Salzburg Fellow for innovation, 2007
JULY 2008 to Present
Special Advisor for Disruptive Innovation for the Department of Homeland Security, Science and Technology Directorate. Dr. Pierce is also the Director of the DHS Center of Innovation located at the United States Air Force Academy, where he champions disruptive innovations for DHS, USAFA, and USG.
DEC 2006 to JULY 2008
Director of the National Securities Institute PhD Programs, Naval Postgraduate School
Research Associate Professor of Information Sciences, Naval Postgraduate School
SEP 2005 to DEC 2006
Director & Research Professor
University of Colorado at CS, 3955 Cragwood Drive; Colorado Springs 80918
Director for the Center of Network Information and Space Center (NISSC) and Director for the Center for Homeland Security University of Colorado at Colorado Springs. Guest Speaker at Defense Science Board focusing on discovery and diffusion of emerging knowledge associated with defense transformation.
JUL 2004 to JUL 2005
Associate Dean, 0-6 Navy CAPT
Naval Postgraduate School, 1 University Circle Monterey, CA. 93040
Dean Bob Ord, 831-656-3781 (Do not contact because I’m now work for NPS)
Active Duty Navy Captain (0-6) performing duties as Associate Dean for School of International Graduate Studies, Naval Postgraduate School (NPS). Responsibilities included oversight over tenured and tenured track professors and their research including the NPS MA in HLD/S. As NPS Professor and Associate Dean he worked closely with both civilian and military staff and students. Directed the NPS extended studies and mobile education programs for deployed ships. He taught upper level strategic disruptive innovation classes for Air Force Majors and Captains. He worked closely with Cognitive Blending Theorist, John Hiles, to develop a new military innovation model called sufficient structure theory. This theory briefed to Dr. Nancy Spruill at the Office of the Undersecretary of Defense for Acquisition, Dr. Hriar Cabayan, the Science Advisor to the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and Admiral Bob Willard, Vice Chief of Naval Operations.
JUL 2001 to JUL 2004
Chief of Staff, 0-6 Navy CAPT
Amphibious Forces 7th Fleet, Amphibious Group One; Unit 25093; FPO AP 96601
Active Duty Navy Captain (0-6) performing duties as Chief of Staff, Amphibious Forces 7th Fleet based in Okinawa, Japan. He oversaw all Amphibious Naval Forces — both Navy and Marine — for deployed units in the 7th Fleet Area of Operation, which included the Western Pacific, Australia, Far East, and Eastern Russia. Also, he operated from the flagship, USS Essex. Lectured at British Embassy and French Embassy on military transformation and featured military guest on NET Cable TV, Wash. DC. He was an anonymous reviewer for Harvard’s “Research Policy Journal,” and John Hopkins “Comparative Technology Transfer and Society Journal.” He championed Tactical Component Network in the Essex Strike Group, which created the first worldwide-distributed networked amphibious battlegroup. He served as key innovation advisor on providing leadership, advice and guidance to 7th Fleet senior naval leadership in understanding and aligning institutional elements to network/distributed transformation. He was guest innovation speaker for Admiral Cebrowski at DOD Office of Force Transformation. He provided advice and guidance to Andrew Marshall, Director of DOD Net Assessment, in understanding and aligning institutional elements to defense transformation. He organized and administrated Harvard Conference and Workshop with civilian and military attendees on disruptive military innovation.
JUN 1998 to JUN 2001
Doctoral student, Harvard, 0-6 Navy CAPT
Harvard University, 79 John F. Kennedy Street, Cambridge, MA 02138
Doctoral and Master’s degree student in Public Affairs at John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University. Demonstrated strong skills in conducting research and writing for publication by completing Harvard Doctoral Dissertation, which was subsequently published as a 2004 book called “Warfighting and Disruptive Technologies: Disguising Innovation.” The book analyzed human dynamics and historical trends in large-scale transformation to explain how military champions used information age science and technology in achieving Networked/distributed military innovations. My doctoral thesis advisors were Dr. Stephen Rosen, Harvard; Dr. Stephen Walt, Harvard; Dr. Henry Chesbrough, Harvard Business School. Also studied under and worked for the nation’s leading transformation experts including Harvard’s Clay Christensen and MIT professors Rebecca Henderson, Barry Posen, Owen Cote, and Harvey Sapolsky. He effectively translated several innovation business concepts to military innovation theory and practice. Navy’s subject matter expert on disruptive military innovation.
MAR 1996 to MAY 1998
Commanding Officer, 0-5 Navy CDR
USS Whidbey Island, USS Whidbey Island LSD-41, FPO, AE 09591-1729
Captain Pierce was Commanding Officer of the United States Warship, USS Whidbey Island LSD-41. During the ship’s six-month deployment, he commanded 1000 Navy and Marines. We operated and visited with Navies from seven countries in South America and also Capetown, South Africa. The ship’s mission is to conduct prompt, sustained combat operations at seas and worldwide in support of national policy. Whidbey Island carried 2 helos and operated four landing craft air cushions (LCAC). The ship also served as the primary control ship during Marine Corps Amphibious Assaults.
OCT 1993 to OCT 1995
Speech writer for Chief of Naval Operations, 0-5 Navy CDR
Chief of Naval Operations Navy, 2000 Navy Pentagon, Washington DC 20350-2000
Captain Pierce was Admiral Mike Boorda’s only Speechwriter for two years. Admiral Boorda was Chief of Naval Operations and a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Two of the speeches he wrote were subsequently printed in “Vital Speeches.” He also wrote all of Admiral Boorda’s articles that were published in several journals. One of the primary authors of the Navy’s 1992 White Paper, “Forward From the Sea,” which shifted the Navy’s warfighting capabilities from Open Ocean warfare to Littoral Warfare.
DEC 1992 to OCT 1993
Marine Corps Doctrine Command, Marine Corps Combat Development Command
Commander Pierce served as the Navy’s representative for Marine Corps Doctrine development.
JUL 1991 to DEC 1992
Commander Pierce served as Executive Officer, USS Dubuque LPD-3, home ported Sasebo, Japan. I was awarded Navy League Alfred Thayer Mahan Writing Award for top Navy author.
JUL 1989 to JUL 1991
Lieutenant Commander Pierce served as the Navy’s surface warfare officer at the Joint Electronic Warfare Center, San Antonio, Texas.
JUL 1988 to JUL 1989
Lieutenant Commander Pierce attended Marine Corps Command and Staff College, Quantico, Virginia.
JUL 1986 to JUL 1988
Lieutenant Commander Pierce served as the First Lieutenant and Weapons officer on USS Okinawa LPH 3.
JUN 1984 to JUL 1986
Lieutenant Pierce served as the Operations and Weapons officer on USS Harry W. Hill, DD 986.
JAN 1982 to AUGUST 1984
Lieutenant Junior Grade Pierce was a student at the Naval Postgraduate School and received MA in Strategic Planning National Security Affairs. Attended Surface Warfare Department Head School.
SEP 1979 to DEC 1982
Ensign Pierce was Communication officer, Navigator, and Assistant Engineer on USS Niagara Falls AFS 3.
JUL 1978 to AUG 1978
He attended Officer Candidate School, Communications School, and Basic Surface Warfare School.
- Doctorate degree, Public Administration, Organizational Theory, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA USA, 2001
- Masters, Pubic Administration, Harvard, 1999
- Masters, Strategic Security Planning, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA USA, 1983
Marine Corps Command and Staff College, July 1988-July 1989, Marine Corps Combat Development Command, Quantico, VA. Commanding Officer School for Navy Warship Captains, January 1996-April 1997
- Salzburg Fellow for Terrorism, 2005
- Salzburg Fellow for Innovation, 2006
- DHS Center of Innovation at USAFA nominated for the National Presidential Medal of Technology and Innovation for 2012
- Legion of Merit
- Joint Meritorious Service Medal
- Four Navy Meritorious Service Medals
- Two Navy Commendation Medals
- Navy Achievement Medal
- Winner of Navy League’s top writing award, Alfred Thayer Mahan Award for Literary Achievement, 1991
- Doctorate in Public Administration, 2001 John F. Kennedy, School of Government, Harvard University
- MA in Public Administration, 1999 John F. Kennedy, School of Government, Harvard University
- Marine Corps Staff College, 1989 Quantico, Virginia
- MA in National Security Affairs, 1983 Naval Postgraduate School, California; Monterey, California
- BA (honors) in Political Science, 1974 Washington State University, Pullman, WA
- Salzburg Fellow 2007 – Focus of Study: Accelerating Innovation: Business, Academics, and Industry
- Salzburg Fellow 2006 – Focus of Study: European Responses to Terrorism
Warfighting and Disruptive Technologies: Disguising Innovation
by Captain Terry C. Pierce USN, Frank Case Publisher – Great Britain; Williamson Murray Editor, October 2004
Graduate Level Teaching Experience
- National Security Affairs 4253: Graduate Seminar in Technology and Strategic Planning, Naval Postgraduate School.
- National Security Affairs 4079: Graduate Seminar in Human Factors for Championing Disruptive Innovations for Homeland Defense/Security, Naval Postgraduate School.
- Graham Allison’s Teaching Assistant for ISP-305 Analytic Frameworks for Explaining and Predicting Decisions and Actions in Domestic and Foreign Affairs, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University.
- Marine Corps Command and Staff College Operational Level of Warfare.
Conference Papers & Lectures
- Briefed the Prime Minister of Ireland in Maynooth, Ireland, in June 2011 on achieving disruptive innovations.
- Speaker at the HDS S&T Center of Excellence Seminar – discussed the DHS S&T funded PhD program at NPS.
- Keynote speaker International Defense Technology Innovation Conference, NPS, 30 October 2007.
- LCD TV enabling technologies case study – a disruptive innovation case study written for Under Secretary Jay Cohen, Department of Homeland Security Science & Technology
- Under Secretary Jay Cohen Department of Homeland Security Science & Technology asked me to be co-speaker with him during the Business Innovation Factory 3rdCollaborative Innovation Summit, October 11, 2007, Providence, Rhode Island.I told the General Billy Mitchell and Admiral Billy Moffett Air Power Disruptive Innovation Story.
- Keynote speaker at Intel’s Innovation Value Institute (IVI) Conference Meeting, National University of Ireland, Maynooth, Ireland, on 2 July 2007.
- Briefed Under Secretary Jay Cohen Department of Homeland Security Science and Technology directorate on emerging disruptive capabilities on 7 November 2006.
- Briefed disruptive innovation capabilities at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute on 3 November 2006.
- Keynote speaker and presented research paper for the Defense Science Board Panel on Disruptive Innovation on 11 October 2006. Title of Research Paper discussed how DOD could enable Industry to create disruptive virtual warfare capabilities for the GWOT.
- Panel speaker at the Network Centric Operations Industry Consortium, 2 March 2006
- Keynote speaker for the Defense Science Board Quarterly meeting, hosted by the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense (Acquisition, Technology, & Logistics), 19 October 2005.
- Keynote speaker at the 4thAnnual Defense Technology Forum on Current Threats and Innovative Solutions, hosted by the French Embassy in DC, 24 May 2005.Sixty Defense Attaches attended the event.
- Briefed key members of the DOD office for the Undersecretary of Defense of Research and Engineering, 10 May 2005. Brief: “Virtual Domain of War and Decloaking Terrorists.”
- Briefed DOD Transformation Chairs at West Point on 15 April 2005 on “How to Innovate to Win the Global War on Terror.
- Briefed Admiral Willard, Vice Chief of Naval Operations on 13 April 2005. Title of Brief: “Virtual Domain of War and Decloaking Terrorists.”
- Briefed Dr. Nancy Spruill, at the Office of the Undersecretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics and Dr. Hriar Cabayan, the Science Advisor to the Joint Chiefs of Staff on 13 April 2005. Title of Brief: “The Value of Precipitating Technologies in Decloaking Terrorist Operating in the Virtual Domain.”
- Briefed Andrew Marshall’s Net Assessment Office on 13 April 2005 on “Virtual Domain of War and Decloaking Terrorists.”
- Keynote speaker at John Hopkins sponsored Principles of War Culminating Seminar, 13 April 2005. Title of Brief: “Explaining Virtual Warfare as Disruptive Strategic Innovation.”
- Featured interview for Government Computer News, 9 March 2005, titled DOD Developing “Disruptive Tech.”
- Briefed Principle Undersecretary of Defense for Policy, Mr. Ryan Henry, on Sufficient Structure Theory, Virtual Warfighting Domain, and Precipitation Technologies, 24 February 2005.
- Briefed Assistant Secretary of the Navy Mr. Richard Greco, Jr. on Sufficient Structure Theory and its Impact on fighting the Global War on Terror and Operating in the Virtual Warfighting Domain and Developing Precipitating Technologies, 24 February 2005.
- Guest lecture for the Navy’s Senior Executive Education Center workshop 4 February 2005.Briefed the Virtual Domain of the GWOT and the value of Precipitating Technologies.
- Briefed Mr. Brian Fila, Assistant Secretary of Defense for Networks and Information Integration on Sufficient Structure Theory for combating Virtual Terrorism, 3 February 2005.
- Guest Lecture for Admiral Keating, Commander Northern Command, on Championing Disruptive Innovations and Sufficient Structure Theory for combating Virtual Terrorism, 31 January 2005.
- Guest Lecture for Admiral Giambastiani, Commander Joint Forces Command, on Championing Disruptive Innovations and Fighting Virtual Terrorism, 17 December 2005.
- Guest Lecturer on Managing Disruptive Military Innovations for George Washington University Executive MBA on New Technology Ventures Initiation, 20 November 2004.
- Guest Lecturer Championing Disruptive Military Innovations to Center of Naval Analyses, 18 November 2004.
- Guest Lecturer Disruptive Military Innovations to Harvard, MIT, and Tufts Fellows, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, 17 November 2004.
- Guest Lecturer Disruptive Military Innovations to Chief of Naval Operations Strategic Studies Group, Naval War College, 15 November 2004.
- Guest Lecturer on Disruptive Military Innovations to Naval War College, 15 November 2004.
- Keynote speaker presenting my book, Warfighting and Disruptive Technologies: Disguising Innovation at the Office of Naval Research Naval-Industry R&D Partnership Conference 3 August 2004.
- Briefed Disruptive Military Innovations to Vice Admiral Cebroswki, Head of Department of Defense Force Transformation, 29 April 2004.
- Guest Lecturer on Disruptive Military Innovations to Read Admiral Cohen, Chief of Naval Research and Naval Labs, 28 April 2004.
- Briefed Disruptive Military Innovations to Mr. Andrew W. Marshall, Head of Department of Defense Net Assessment, 24 February 2004.
- Keynote speaker at the Expeditionary Strike Group development conference sponsored by Commander, Pacific Fleet, Pearl Harbor, 18 November 2003.
- Delivered keynote paper on Disruptive Innovation at Harvard University November 2001 (Office of Naval Research sponsored event).
- Lectured at Marine Corps Command and Staff College on Joint Warfighting, November 1996.
- Conducted Gettysburg Navy Staff ride, June 1996.
- Lectured at Marine Corps Command and Staff College on Operational Level Warfighting, November 1990.
- Lectured at Marine Corps Amphibious Warfare College on Operational Level Warfighting, October 1990.
Reviewer for Peer-Reviewed Publications
- Anonymous reviewer for Harvard’s Research Policy Journal(Harvard Business School)
- Anonymous reviewer for Comparative Technology Transfer and Society, (John Hopkins University Press)
Refereed & Award Winning Articles
- Learning to Ride Tsunamis, United States Naval Institute Proceedings, November 2015, (1stPlace 2915 Innovation and Risk: Striking the Right Balance Essay Contest Winner)
- Disruptive Military Innovation and the War on Terror: Some Thoughts for Perfect Opponents, Defense and Security Analysis, June 2006
- Sunk Costs Sink Innovation, United States Naval Institute Proceedings, May 2001 (1stplace, Arleigh Burke Essay Contest)
- Teaching Elephants to Swim, United States Naval Institute Proceedings, May 1998 (1stplace, Arleigh Burke Essay Contest)
- Obey the Iron Law, United States Naval Institute Proceedings, November 1997 (1stplace, Marine Corps Essay Contest)
- Leaving the Technocratic Tunnel, Joint Forces Quarterly, Winter 1995-1996 (1stplace AFCEA Contest)
- Voodoo Logistics Sink Triphibious Warfare, United States Naval Institute Proceedings, September 1996 (2ndplace Joint Warfighting Contest)
- The Naval Expeditionary Force, United States Naval Institute Proceedings, November 1993 (2ndplace Marine Corps Essay Contest)
- Maneuver Warfare: From Theory to Practice, United States Naval Institute Proceedings, November 1992 (2ndplace Marine Corps Essay Contest)
- Amphibious Maneuver Warfare: Who’s in Charge? United States Naval Institute Proceedings, August 1990 (2ndplace, Arleigh Burke Essay Contest)
- Maneuver Warfare: The Gators Play, Too, United States Naval Institute Proceedings, November 1989 (2ndplace, Arleigh Burke Essay Contest)
- The Critical Link: Junior Officers and Strategic Thought, United States Naval Institute Proceedings, April 1983 (2ndplace Mahan Junior Officer Essay Contest)
Feature Length Articles
- The Navy Needs a New Innovation Engine, United States Naval Institute Proceedings, November, 2018
- Expeditionary Strike Groups Are Misaligned, United States Naval Institute Proceedings, May, 2004
- Jointness is Killing Naval Innovation, United States Naval Institute Proceedings, October, 2001
- It’s Time for a Warfighting Revival, United States Naval Institute Proceedings, August 1997
- Taking Maneuver Warfare to Sea, United States Naval Institute Proceedings, April 1995
- The Tip of the Spear: The Navy and Marine Corps in Forward Presence, The Marine Corps Gazette, March 1995
- Operational Maneuver from the Sea, United States Naval Institute Proceedings, August 1994
- Operational Maneuver from the Sea…Making It Work, The Marine Corps Gazette, October 1993
- Not a CVN Gator, United States Naval Institute Proceedings, June 1993
- MAGTF Warlords: A Naval Perspective, The Marine Corps Gazette, July 1991
- The Tactical-Strategic Link, United States Naval Institute Proceedings, September 1990
Co-Authur Feature Length Articles
- Toward a Unified Metric of Kinetic and Nonkinetic Actions: Meaning Fields and the Arc of Effects, Joint Force Quarterly, 2nd Quarter 2017
- Crafting and Managing Effects: The Evolution of the Profession of Arms, Joint Force Quarterly, 2nd Quarter 2016
- Combined Effects Power, Joint Force Quarterly, 2nd Quarter 2014
Articles Written for Admiral Michael Boorda – Chief of Naval Operations (CNO)
- Leading the Revolution in C4I, Joint Force Quarterly, Autumn 1995
- Fighting Smarter: A Naval Tradition, The Marine Corps Gazette, December 1995
- The Navy-Marine Corps Team: Looking Ahead, The Marine Corps Gazette, March 1995
Award Winning Major Speeches Delivered by Admiral Boorda – CNO
- Boorda, The Battle of Midway, Vital Speeches, September 1995
- Boorda, The Art of the Long View, Vital Speeches, December 1994
- Boorda, The Enemy is Complacence, Defense Issues, Volume 10, Number 63, 1994
- Boorda, Where the Navy is Going? Defense Issues, Volume 9, Number 53, 1994
- Boorda, Partnership…From the Sea, Keynote Address for the Thirteenth International Seapower Symposium, United States Naval War College, Newport, Rhode Island, November 1995
Guest Lecture & TV Appearances
- Lectured at Business Innovation Factory 4 (BIF-4). YouTube link to 17 minute talk Terry Pierce gave at the Business Innovation Factory 4 (BIF-4) in Providence, R.I. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L5SA_YLq-bQ
- Lectured the Defense Science Board on two occasions
- Lectured several times at Marine Corps Command and Staff College
- Lectured at Marine Corps Amphibious Warfare School
- Lectured at Naval Justice School
- Lectured at British Embassy, Washington D.C.
- Guest Panelists for United States Naval Institute First Annual Naval Warfare Exposition Symposium
- Featured Military Guest on NET Cable TV Washington D.C.
National Newspaper Op-Ed
Are “Sunken Costs” Sinking Innovation?”Appearing in The Washington Times Sunday, 4 August 2002
Pierce, Terry C. 1999. “Book Review: Elizabeth Kier, Imagining War, Marine Corps Gazette, 1999
Magazine & Featured Interviews
- FEDTECH August 2005 cover featured Terry Pierce’s disruptive technology research on the Global War on Terror
- Government Computer News interview of Terry Pierce discussing decloaking terrorist
Navy’s single representative on the Marine Corps Innovation Council 2000-2001. This was chaired by General Gary Jones, Commandant of the Marine Corps and Former Commandant of the Marine Corps, General Al Gray.
Elected Board Positions
- Elected twice and served two years on the United States Naval Institute Board of Control, 1994-1996
- In 2007 appointed non-voting board member of Intel’s Innovation Value Institute, Dublin
Personal Awards, Honors, and Medals
- Valedictorian of High School Graduating Class (348 graduates)
- Alfred Thayer Mahan Award for Top Graduating Student in National Security Affairs, Naval Postgraduate School
- Won first place twice in the Arleigh Burke Essay Contest (formally known as the General Navy Writing Contest)
Teaching & Research Interests
- Creating a unifying private sector and public sector innovation theory
- Leading and managing disruptive innovations in the public and private sector
- Military Innovation/Transformation/Revolutions in Military Affairs
- Information/Technology/Learning Innovation
- Disruptive Technology and Warfare
- Homeland Security and Defense
- Effects Based Warfare
- Information-Age Conflict
- Cognitive Blending Theory and Network Centric Operations
- Provenance Anti-Malware – A Google-like search engine for reused malware
- Secure Enclaves
- Software Routers